Bottle feeding is the next chosen option after breastfeeding. Most of the mothers go for bottle feeding after they quit breastfeeding. Before shifting to bottle feeding it is very important to learn how to bottle feed. Unlike breastfeeding bottle feeding involves a lot of cleaning and sterilizing processes. It is very important to know when to replace nipples and bottles. Nipples and bottles cannot be used forever. They must be disposed after a certain period. When to replace nipples? Nipples tend to wear off after a certain period of time. Regular checking of the nipples for any signs of wearing and tearing can give you a hint of when to replace the nipples.

Finding any of the following signs indicates that the nipples must be replaced: If there is leakage of the milk form the nipple apart from the tip then it is time to replace the nipples. Sometimes the milk gushes out from the nipples. In such cases they must be replaced immediately. The color of the nipple changes after a certain period of time. Nipples must be replaced once any sign of discoloration is observed. Thinning of nipples occur when they are wearing off. A simple test can be done to check this. If the nipple does not get back to its position after pulling it then it is better to replace it immediately. If the nipple appears sticky or swollen then it is better to replace it. Sometimes a part of the nipple may break and get mixed with the milk. This should be avoided by changing them regularly.

When to replace a bottle? Replacing bottles must be done immediately after finding any breaks or chips or cracks. Sometimes the child may end up injuring himself while feeding because of these breaks. The disposable liners should not be reused.Most of the working mothers will have to pump their breast milk as they can’t be with the baby all the time. Pumping is the only option left for the working women who do not want to feed their babies with formula. Pumps are also used while feeding a premature baby. Apart from collecting the breast milk, pumps also help in stimulating the mammary glands to produce more milk. Pumped milk can be stored in a refrigerator and can be fed to the baby the next day.

A pump should be chosen based on the following features: Make sure that the pump that you are investing is an adjustable one. Pumps with this feature are comfortable to use as they can be adjusted. There are also dual pumps available in the market that pumps milk from both the breasts at the same time. This saves time and creates same amount of stimulation on both the breasts. Few pumps also come with the facility of storing the pumped breast milk. These pumps come with special cooler pack that stores the pumped breast milk.

Mothers who do not have refrigerators at their working place can invest on these pumps. There are many varieties of pumps available in the market. Manual breast pumps: These pumps need manual effort to work. One major draw back of these pumps is that they can’t do dual pumping.Pumping with such a pump is also time consuming. Handheld Battery-Operated breast pumps: These pumps operate with the help of batteries. The driving force is supplied by the batteries instead of hands and legs. Working women find them very useful as an electric outlet is not needed. Electric breast pumps: These pumps need electricity to run. These pumps are specially designed to pump milk from both the breasts at the same time

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